• From 3 September to 2 October 2016, more than 32,000 South Sudanese refugees have crossed the border into Gambella Region in western Ethiopia. The refugees are coming at a daily arrival rate of about 1,000. This is a huge increase compared to a total of 2,000 between January and August 2016.
• In August, in response to the drought, 11,279 children in Afar, Amhara, Oromia, SNNP, Somali and Tigray regions benefited from a range of child protection activities aimed at protecting children from child abuse, neglect and gender based violence.
• Between January and July 2016, 195,351 children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) were admitted to the national community management of acute malnutrition programme (CMAM). Out of these, 15,645 children (8 per cent) were admitted to in-patient care.
• With UNICEF support, 14 water supply systems in Oromia and three in SNNPR region were rehabilitated and maintained resulting in 52,000 people gaining access to safe water.
Situation Overview and Humanitarian Needs
According to the mid-year review of the 2016 Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD), 9.7 million people require emergency food assistance in 2016, following the El Niño-induced drought. Particularly, meher dependent areas will require continued food assistance throughout the lean season until November 2016, when the meher harvest starts. Following the anticipated good performance of the seasonal rains, normal meher harvest is expected.
However, in some areas of Oromia and Tigray regions, heavy rains have destroyed crops, which may have a negative impact on crop production. The joint Government and humanitarian partners’ national flood contingency plan estimates that more than one million people are at risk of flooding with more than 45 per cent expected to be displaced.
In addition to the 9.7 million people that require food assistance, 7.6 million people are targeted to benefit from additional rounds of Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) cash and food transfers until the end of the year. The PSNP targets poor people in rural areas facing chronic food insecurity.
During September 2016, 32,142 South Sudanese refugees have crossed into Gambella Region of Ethiopia. The refugees are coming at a daily arrival rate of about 1,000. This is a huge increase compared to a total of 2,000 between January and August 2016.Among the new arrivals, 66 per cent are children; and 4,466 of this group are identified as unaccompanied and separated children. The Government’s Administration for Refugee and Returnees Affairs (ARRA) and UNHCR are conducting registration and screening of the new arrivals before they are transferred to refugee camps. Allocation of land, construction of shelters and provision of basic services for the new arrivals remain a priority. South Sudanese refugees remain the largest group of refugees (38 per cent) in Ethiopia followed by Somalis (34 per cent) and Eritreans (22 per cent).
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