Today in history: Aviator Amelia Earhart becomes the first woman to fly across the Atlantic Ocean
2000 – Eritrea and Ethiopia sign peace deal: Eritrean authorities said they were repatriating Ethiopians living in the country, on the eve of the signing of a peace deal with Ethiopia to end their bloody two-year war. Ethiopia is “finalising the necessary arrangements to expedite the voluntary departure of Ethiopians who have decided of their own free will to return to Ethiopia,” an Eritrean Foreign Ministry statement said. It insisted that it was intervening to stop violence against Ethiopians sparked by the one-month-old surge in hostilities between the Horn of Africa neighbours. The government had taken the necessary legal steps to ensure the safety and security of Ethiopians that may need it, the statement added, saying authorities here reserved the right to repatriate Ethiopians “on a case-by-case basis”.
1812 – US declares war on Britain.
1928 – Aviator Amelia Earhart becomes the first woman to fly across the Atlantic Ocean.
1940 – Germans capture French port of Cherbourg.
1952 – Britain announces plan to unite Rhodesia and Nyasaland and Malawi in Central African Federation.
1953 – Egypt becomes a republic and the monarchy is abolished, General Mohammad Naguib becomes the first president.
1954 – Pierre Mendes-France becomes Prime Minister of France.
1979 – US and Soviet Union sign the Salt II strategic arms limitation treaty in Vienna.
1983 – Li Xiannian is elected China’s first President since the 1960s.
1985 – US space shuttle Discovery, with Saudi Prince Sultan Bin Salman Bin Abdul Aziz, launches a satellite for the Arab world.
1990 – Civil war is officially declared in north-east Sri Lanka.
1993 – The UN Security Council approves sending 7,600 peacekeepers to six Bosnian cities.
2001 – About 30,000 Syrian troops pull out of Beirut and redeploy after 25 years.
2003 – American forces capture Lt Gen Abed Hamoud Al Tikriti, a leader in Saddam Hussain’s regime, ranked No 4 on their most-wanted list.
2007 – America and Europe lift aid embargo on Palestinians.
2008 – An abstract portrait by Pablo Picasso smashes the record for an artwork sold in Australia, netting $6.9 million (Dh25.37 million) at an auction.
2013 – Afghan forces take control of security across the country, as US-led combat troops prepare to withdraw after 12 years of fighting the Taliban.
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