Cape Town — Ethiopia has emerged as Africa’s top performer in improving its people’s lives over the past 40 years, says a major United Nations report published today. But while most African countries have made major gains, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Zambia and Zimbabwe are the only three countries in the world in which people’s situation has worsened over the period.
The 2010 Human Development Report, published by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and entitled “The Real Wealth of Nations: Pathways to Human Development,” examines progress in health, education and income, as measured by a “human development index” (HDI) which ranks 135 countries for which comparable data are available.
Ethiopia ranks at number 11 in the world for improving human development since 1970, the report said. Botswana, at 14th place, Benin at 18th and Burkina Faso at 21st place, are among what the UNDP calls the world’s “25 top movers” over the last four decades.
If progress is measured over the past 10 years, Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Mozambique, Rwanda and Uganda emerge among the “top 10 movers,” says Jeni Klugman, the report’s lead author.