Since the revision of the Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD) in August 2017, the humanitarian context in Ethiopia has continued to evolve which has led the Government and humanitarian partners to further adjust the HRD requirements. In the food sector the needs have been revised slightly upwards to accommodate an increase in the number of beneficiaries through the inclusion of 4 million former Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) clients in the HRD. In other sectors such as health and nutrition, needs have also continued to increase mainly due to the deteriorating nutrition situation in Somali region, increase in the number of displaced people, as well as the Fall Army Worm (FAW) outbreak that continues to ravage crops throughout the country.
In an effort to streamline the food security response, a national integrated food-cash relief plan has been prepared under the leadership of the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC) and with support from the Federal Ministry of Agriculture, the World Food Programme, the JEOP (US-funded NGO consortium), the World Bank, USAID, DFID, ECHO and OCHA. The plan represents an integrated and prioritized approach to delivering relief food and cash to 8.5 million HRD beneficiaries and 4 million former PSNP clients who continue to need relief assistance until the end of the year. All available funding and commodity pipeline options have been incorporated into the plan, including a share of World Bank ‘Crisis Response Window’ funding, a new ‘cash pilot’ programme implemented by WFP in parts of Somali Region, and an expansion of the originally planned JEOP programming. When developing this integrated plan, a number of compromises were made which explains that the updated requirements are lower than anticipated. These include dropping of one round of relief assistance, a reduction in the ration of pulses, and limiting the availability of fortified blended foods in the relief basket to selected areas. At the same time an increase in the planned proportion of cash has led to reductions in operational costs.
In the health, agriculture, nutrition, NFI/Emergency shelter and WaSH sectors, needs have been revised upwards by $103.5 million to enable partners to respond to the needs of newly displaced persons, deteriorating nutrition situation and the FAW outbreak, as well as flooding. In the agriculture sector additional funds are also needed for seeds to facilitate replanting in areas that suffered large-scale crop failures. The recent spike in displacement has also increased the risk of Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) which could be catastrophic in areas that have been hit hard by the ongoing drought. In all sectors, humanitarian partners have swiftly adjusted their planning and are recalibrating their operations to address additional requirements and provide life-saving assistance to all those in need. While this update adjusts the overall HRD requirements, the strategic objectives of the plan remain unchanged.
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