Ethiopia: Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) Tigray Region, Round 9: January – February 2018 – Summary of key findings – Ethiopia

by Zelalem

TIGRAY REGION – KEY FINDINGS

LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 22,488 displaced individuals comprising 7,941 households in 60 displacement sites were identified in Tigray region. These figures represent an increase of 1,736 in the total individuals (+8.37%) an increase of 320 households(+4.20%) and a decrease of 1 site (-1.64%) since round 8 (November/December 2017). 88.35% of sites opened before 2017 and 11.67% opened during 2017. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 95% of the displaced population.

DEMOGRAPHICS: 46% of displaced individuals were female and 54% were male. 49% were younger than 18 years old. 5% were over 60 years old.

SHELTER: No sites reported that more than 25% of households were living in shelters that were below standard.
WASH: Only 3 sites meet SPHERE standards of access to over 15 liters of water per person per day. 9 (15%) displacement sites reported having no toilets.

FOOD, NUTRITION AND LIVELIHOODS: 15 (25%) sites, representing 3,599 individuals, reported no access to food. 83% of sites reported that IDPs did not have access to income generating activities HEALTH: Malaria was the primary health concern in this round of data collection with 23 sites reporting this.

EDUCATION: In 13% of sites 50% or less of the children on site are attending school. Formal primary school education is available at 60 sites.
Alternative basic education (ABE) is not available at any sites.

COMMUNICATION: 53% of sites reported that the authorities were IDPs primary source of information followed by local leaders at 42% of sites. Figure 1 illustrates trends in stock totals of displacement in the region over time compared to recent displacement. Figure 2 shows IDP numbers dissagregated by cause over time.

MOBILITY TRENDS AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT

At 13 of the 50 sites new IDP arrivals were recorded in 2018. At 7 sites the last IDP arrivals were recorded in 2017 and at the remaining 20 sites no new IDPs had arrived in 2017.

None of the identified sites opened in 2018 while 11.67% opened between January and December 2017. 88.33% of sites opened before 2017.
Figure 3 shows the number of IDPs displaced by zone and cause of displacement. Figure 4 shows the distribution of IDPs by driver of displacement and time of displacement.

36.26% of IDPs in Tigray region are internally displaced from the region within the region. Of the IDPs displaced within Tigray region, 36.26% were displaced within their zone of origin. 5% (1,168)
IDPs had reportedly been previously displaced.
IDPs from 1 (2%) site were leaving the site. IDPs from this site were going to the nearest village.

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