This document has been prepared jointly by OCHA and the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC), in partnership with Cluster Coordinators, to provide an update on the situation of populations displaced due to conflict on the border between Oromia and Somali regions, and to inform efforts in mobilizing additional international funding and resources in support to the current response.
I. Displacements Overview
The humanitarian situation in Ethiopia has been further exacerbated by an upsurge in conflict around the border areas of Oromia and Somali regions, since early September 2017. Over the course of the following months, the conflict has left hundreds of thousands displaced, often in areas already experiencing ongoing drought-related humanitarian need. Nearly all districts along the regional borders were affected.
According to the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC) estimate, some 857,000 people had been displaced by the Somali-Oromia conflict (this includes displacements recorded prior to August-September). Meanwhile, preliminary data from the latest round of the IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix conducted in November 2017 indicates that around 1 million persons have been displaced due to conflict along the Oromia-Somali regional border (nearly 700,000 in 2017 alone, with a significant spike after September 2017).
The conflict IDPs are settled in close to 400 locations, either in IDP sites, with host communities or in “collective centers” along the border areas and in major towns or villages across Oromia, Somali, Harar regions, and Dire Dawa and Addis Ababa cities.
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