KAMPALA, Uganda (AP) — The crown jewel in Ethiopia’s transformation
to a continental power in recent years has been its state-owned airline
that calls itself “the new spirit of Africa.”
Sunday’s crash of an Ethiopian Airlines jet that killed 157 people has set back those grand designs that were undertaken by a reformist new leader who has vowed to hold free and fair elections next year.
Now, Africa is mourning not only the victims of the aviation disaster but also a symbol of the continent’s rise.
couldn’t have come at a worse time for Ethiopian Airlines,” Nigerian
President Muhammadu Buhari said in a statement, mindful that his own
country, Africa’s largest economy, has no national carrier. “Like every
other African leader, I am proud of the fact that Ethiopian Airlines
represents one of Africa’s success stories.”
profitable carrier, the airline is the symbol of a country shaking off a
decades-old image of devastating poverty and famine.
part to financing from China, Ethiopia has ambitious projects in
infrastructure and industry that have facilitated some of Africa’s
fastest rapid economic growth. These include one of the continent’s few
metro rail services, a massive hydropower dam on the Nile and numerous
projects linking the landlocked nation with the Red Sea, one of the
world’s busiest shipping lanes.
“Many Ethiopians see yesterday. I
see tomorrow,” Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, Africa’s youngest head of
government, told The Financial Times last month in his first major
Abiy, who took power in the country of some 110 million
people nearly a year ago, has freed opposition figures from jail,
welcomed home exiles and made peace with neighboring Eritrea. These are
startling changes that he hopes to continue in business, opening the
airline and other state-owned sectors to the world.
countries and investors reach out to Africa, their gateway increasingly
is Ethiopia’s capital of Addis Ababa, where the crash occurred. The dead
came from 35 countries.
“Ethiopian Airways is a key player in
linking Africa to Gulf relations and a signature project of Ethiopia’s
internal capacity,” said Angelo Izama, a regional analyst based in the
United Arab Emirates. “So the wider community basically took the crash
as a shock to Ethiopia and its status as a potential hegemon in the Horn
(of Africa) and in East Africa.”
In January, Addis Ababa’s Bole
International Airport inaugurated a passenger terminal equipped to
handle 22 million visitors a year, tripling its capacity in a city that
is a diplomatic hub with the headquarters of the African Union
The opening was a dramatic pushback against the
long-held image of African air travel as chaotic and dangerous on a
bustling continent of more than 1 billion people. Before Sunday, no
major aviation accident had occurred in more than two years.
Airlines appears determined to spread its success, reaching out to
other African airlines for partnerships and investment. Many African
carriers have collapsed in the last few decades, often because of
In its push for dominance, Ethiopian Airlines
continues to open new international routes, flying to nearly 120
destinations. In January, it opened a route to Moscow and announced
plans for nonstop flights to Houston.
The company has been among
the first buyers of commercial jets hitting the market. In 2012, it
became the first in Africa, and one of the first around the globe, to
take delivery of Boeing’s flagship Dreamliner jet. The purchase was
celebrated with fanfare at home as a source of immense pride.
Airlines’ latest headline purchase was the Boeing 737 Max 8, the newest
version of the best-selling airliner in history. The airline ordered 30
of them last year, and one of the planes was delivered in mid-November.
On Sunday, six minutes after takeoff, it crashed. No one yet knows why.
Within hours, both the prime minister and the airline’s CEO went to the crash site to pay their respects.
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