UNICEF Ethiopia Humanitarian Situation Report #4 – Reporting Period April 2018 – Ethiopia

Highlights

▪ Floods in the Somali region have affected approximately 163,500 people, with much of the affected area now inaccessible. UNICEF is scaling up its health, water, sanitation and hygiene activities to help prevent and quickly respond to disease outbreaks in affected communities.

▪ In Gedeo Zone, SNNPR, and West Guji, Oromia a conflict was re-ignited between ethnic Gedeo and Guji (Oromos) resulting in 300,000 people being displaced (unconfirmed). A joint multi-agency assessment led by Government is yet to be conducted.

▪ UNICEF provided Emergency Drug Kits (EDK) and renewable supplies to the conflict affected zones of East Hararghe, West Hararghe and Bale in Oromia region to meet the immediate needs of around 50,000 internally displaced people.

▪ UNICEF has received US$3 million from the Government of Sweden and US$500,000 from the Government of Canada for its humanitarian response.

Situation in Numbers

7.9 million * People in need of relief food/cash

350,111 * Children in need of treatment for severe acute malnutrition

2.2 million * School-aged children, including adolescents, in need of emergency school feeding and learning material assistance

1.7 million ** Internally displaced people in Ethiopia (64 per cent displaced due to conflict)

916,678 *** Registered refugees and asylum seekers in Ethiopia.

*2018 Humanitarian and Disaster Resilience Plan for Ethiopia, March 2018
** Ethiopia: Conflict displacement situation report, April 2018, NDRMC and OCHA

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Situation Overview and Humanitarian Needs

Following reports of flooding in Afar, Oromia and Somali regions, the National Flood Task Force has been activated. A Flood Alert has been released indicating the areas currently affected and most likely to be affected in the coming months based on predicted rainfall patterns. The Somali region has been the worst affected so far with an estimated 163,500 people (more than 27,000 households) affected in Adaddle, Berano, East Imey, Ferfer, Kalafo and Mustahil woredas1 of Shebelle zone, intensifying existing humanitarian needs. The rapid joint humanitarian assessment conducted during 19-24 April indicated that out of the 27,000 families affected, more than 16,000 are displaced. Houses, schools, health facilities and sanitation systems are either affected or destroyed. Weather conditions in the coming months will be critical in determining whether the rains bring welcome relief from drought conditions or large scale flooding, which will further impact on agricultural livelihoods and increase the risk of AWD and other disease outbreaks. The Somali Regional Government is actively responding to the situation and UNICEF and humanitarian partners are scaling up support to meet health, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) needs to avert potential disease outbreaks. People displaced by conflict, drought and now flooding are the most severely affected, particularly those living in makeshift shelters. Ongoing humanitarian assistance to many communities has been interrupted by the heavy rains which have made roads impassable, cut off key supply routes, and complicated communication and situation monitoring.

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In Gedeo Zone, SNNPR, and West Guji, Oromia, conflict between ethnic Gedeo and Guji (Oromos) has displaced people on both sides of the regional borders. It is not yet clear what triggered the conflict but disagreements over border demarcation could be a factor. Based on requests, UNICEF has provided WASH supplies in both Gedeo and West Guji through the Regional Water Bureaus, reached out to the Regional Bureau of Women and Children Affairs (BoWCA) in Oromia and SNNPR to try and verify the numbers of children separated or unaccompanied, and is supporting coordination efforts in the respective regions through the Field Offices. The Regional Governments of Oromia and SNNP have agreed to return the displaced to their areas of origin and support them with relief and rehabilitation assistance. However, it is not yet clear if places of origin are safe, as reports of on-going communal violence have been reported, raising significant protection concerns.

As of 31 March 2018, the number of refugees and asylum seekers in Ethiopia has reached 916,678. Most are from South Sudan (48%), Somalia (27.9%), Eritrea (18.3%) and Sudan (4.9%). 22,093 of these refugees and asylum seekers arrived in 2018.

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