Ethiopian Opposition Fears Rout in Parliament Vote

Early reports suggest Ethiopia’s ruling party has won a massive victory in Sunday’s parliament elections.  Almost every major opposition leader appears to have been defeated.

The headquarters of Ethiopia’s main opposition party was like a funeral parlor as observers reported in from around the country, opposition leaders were dumbstruck at the possibility of a nearly complete rout.

High-profile leaders such as former president Negasso Gidada, senior figures in the parliamentary opposition Merera Gudina and Beyene Petros, all appear headed for defeat.

Other prominent political leaders, including Hailu Shewal and Lidetu Ayalew were also said to have conceded.

LISTEN VOA REPORT ON THE RESULT

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LISTEN VOA REPORT ON THE RESULT

In Addis Ababa, opposition parties won all 23 seats in parliament five years ago, but this time it looks as if they have been wiped out.

Sitting in a quiet back office of jailed opposition leader Birtukan Mideksa’s Unity for Justice and Democracy party headquarters, parliamentary leader Temesgen Zewdie was devastated by the early results.

“It is a total surprise, a total shock, and we are sure investigating as to what went wrong for us to perform this poorly,” said Temesgen Zewdie.

Temesgen said an opposition divided into many blocs made it easy for Prime Minister Meles Zenawi’s ruling Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front in ‘first past the post’ contests.

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“Medrek in Addis and the regions, in the preliminary showing, is second to EPRDF, and had this been proportional representation, we probably would have shared some seats with the ruling party, but since this is winner take all system, we are at a disadvantage,” said Temesgen.

In the yard outside party headquarters, scores of young opposition supporters milled around, obviously upset.  Nineteen-year-old Achame Lazarus, who had served as a Medrek poll watcher Sunday, said the election had been stolen.

“We are practicing false democracy in Ethiopia, the principles are being told by our government officials, but as you can see from the ground level, things are going not on the right track,” said Achame Lazarus.

Medrek senior leader and former Ethiopian president Negasso Gidada said the job of party elders is to cool down their disenchanted supporters to avoid a repeat of the violence that followed the disputed 2005 election.

“Maybe some of them are angry, but we will cool them, we will register the facts, what happened in the process, tell them what happened, and after telling them, we will tell them, be cool, we are a peaceful party, and when there are cases that have to go to the election board, and if it is not solved there we will go to the court,” said Negasso Gidada.

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The first word from election officials is the elections had gone smoothly and peacefully.  National Electoral Board spokesman Mohamed Abdurahman said there had been no reports of cheating.

“The board has received no single complaint formally, including the opposition parties, the public, the ruling party, they all said it was peaceful, calm and free,” said Mohamed Abdurahman.

Ruling party officials were cautious in declaring victory.  Government Communications Minister Bereket Simon would only say it appeared as if the EPRDF had won comfortably.  Party spokesman Hailemariam Dessalegn said he was standing by earlier predictions of turnout possibly exceeding 90 percent.

The European Union and African Union deployed a total of nearly 250 observers spread out across the country to monitor activities at 43,000 precincts.   EU Chief Observer Thijs Berman has scheduled a news conference Tuesday to deliver a preliminary verdict on the fairness of the vote.

Source: VOA

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  1. ከተማሪው እንቅስቃሴ ጀምሮ እንደነ ኢሕአፓ , መኢሶን , ወያኔ , ኢሕአድግ , ኦነግ የመሳሰሉት , ዳግማዊ ዐጤ ምኒልክንና ነፍጠኛ ወታደሮቻቸውን , ደቡብ ኢትዮጵያን በሚመለክት , ተስፋፊ ቅኝ ገዢ , የሰው አገር ወራሪ እያሉ ሲጠሩ ከርመው ይኼው አሁን አንቀሥ 39 የመገንጠል መብት ላይ ደርሰናል . ምኒልክ ደሞ ጥንታዊ ግዛቴን ነው ያስመለስኩት ብለው ነግረውናል .

    ምኒልክ ተነኩ ማለት ቤት ተነካ ማለት ሰለሆነ ይረብሸኛል . ታዲያ በዚሁ ምክንያት ሐቁን ፍለጋ ተሰማርቼ ከገለልተኛ የዓይን ምሥክሮች ያጠናቀርኩትን ዘገባ ለእያንዳንዱ ኢትዮጵያዊ አቀርባለው . መረጃውን ያገኘሁባቸውን መጣሕፍታት ቅንፍ ውስጥ ይመልከቱ .

    ከኦሮሞ ልጀምር –

    1. እነዚህ ጋሎች ከአቢሲኒያ ችግሮች አንዱ ናችው . አገሪትዋን በ 16ኛው ክ /ዘመን ከየት እንደመጡ ሳይታውቅ በጥሰው ገብተው ቦታወችን በሚገባ ተቆጣጥረው በከፍተኛ ሁኔታ የዘውዱን አገር እናወጡት . በተለይ የንጉሡ እናት ሆን ብላ ልጅዋን ንጉሡን በ 18ኛው ክ /ዘመን ለጋላ ከዳረችው ጀምሮ የጋላ መላ ብልሹ በነበረው ፖለቲካ ሥርዐት ውስጥ ገብቶ ሁኔታዎች እንዲባባሱ አደረገ .

    ጋላ የሚባለው ቃል ጋልኛ ሲሆን ትርጉሙም “ወራሪ ‘ ማለት ነው ይባላል . እስላሞች ደሞ ሌላ ትርጉም ይሰጡታል . ትርጉሙ “እምቢ አለ ” በዐረብኛ ነው (“ጋ ላ “).

    መሐመድ ለጋሎች አለቃ ሰው ልኮ እስልምናን ተቀበል ቢለው , አለቃው እምቢ ቢለው “ካሁን በኅዋላ የገብረኤልን ጥሪ አልቀበል ስላለ ዘርማ ዘሩ “ጋ ላ ” መጠሪያው ይሁን ብሎ ተናገረ ይላሉ እስላሞቹ .

    እነዚህ ጋሎችን ከሙሮች ጋር ማዛመድ ትልቅ ስህተት ነው . ሙሉ ለሙሉ የተለያዩ ዘሮች ናቸው .
    (Views in Central Abyssinia, Sophie F. F. Veitch, 1868).

    2. ጋሎች እንደ ማንኛውም ራሱን የቻለ ኩሩ ሕዝብ ሲሆኑ ራሳቸውን “ኦርማ ” ብለው ይጠራሉ . ግለሰቦቻቸውን “ኢልም ኦርማ ” ብለው ይጠሩታል (ከዐረብኛው “ኢብን ኤል ናስ ” ጋር ይዛመድ ይሆን ) ቅዋንቅዋቸዎን ደግሞ “አፋን ኦርማ ” ብለው ይጠሩታል . (Philological Society (Great Britain)., Philological Society (Great Britain), Louis Loewe 1846)

    ኦርማ የሚለውን ቃል ሳጣራ ደቡብ ምሥራቅ ኬንያ ጣና ወንዝ አካባቢ የሚገኝ ጎሣ አገኘው . የኦሮሞ መነሻው መሆን አለበት ( አባ ጦቢያ ).

    3. ጋሎች ከጊኒዬ መጥተው የሚቀጥሉትን የአቢሲኒያ ግዛቶች ይወራሉ , ያስገብራሉ .
    ግድማ , አንጎታ , ዳውራ , ፈጣገር , ወይድ , ኢፋር , ጉራጌ , ጋንዝ , ኮንት , ዳሞታ , ዋልቃ , ቢዛማ , ሸዋ እና ባሊ
    (Ancient and Modern History and Geography, Jean B. D Audiffret, 1694).

    እነዚህ ከላይ የተጠቀሱትን ሥፍራዎች ጥንታዊ ካርታ ላይ ፈልገው (ኢንተርኔት ) ያግኙና ይሁኑ ካርታ ላይ ያስቀምጡ .

    ስለ ኦጋዴን ደሞ እናውራ

    ኦጋዴን ብዙም ሰው ብዙም ትላልቅ ከተማዎች የሌሉባት ስትሆን በ 16ኛው ክ /ዘመን ነዎሪ የነበሩትን ጋሎች የገፈተሩ ከብት አርቢር ዘላን ሶማሊኛ ተናጋሮዎች ይኖሩባታል .(Encyclopedia Britannica).

    ስለ አምሐራ (አማራ ) እናውጋ

    አንጡራው አምሐራ በአምሐራ ስም የሚጠራው ተራራውማና ደቡብ ምሥራቅ የሚገኘው ክ /ሀገር ነው .
    እዚህ ግዛት መሐል ጥንታዊው የዘውዱ ዋና ከተማና የአቢሲኒያ የሥልጣኔ ማእከል የነበረችው ተጉለት ትገኛለች . በአሁኑ ስዓት አረመኔ በሆኑትር ድፍን ደቡብ ሐበሻን በወረሩት በአረሜነዎቹ በጋሎች ሥር ትገኛለች . (Researches into the physical history of mankind, Volume 2, James Cowles Prichard, 1837).

    አሁን ደግሞ ቴዎድሮስ የኢትዮጵያውን ዘማቻ ሊጀምር ሲል ለውዳጁ ለፕላውዴን የተናገረውን እናዳምጥ

    በመጀመሪያ የክርስቲያኑን መሬት የነጠቁትን , ቤት ክርስቲያንን ያወደሙትን , ነባር ነዋሪውን በግድ ያሰለሙትን ጋሎች አንክቼ እጥላለሁኝ . ለጥቆ , እስላም ወይ ይጠመቃል , ወይ አገር ለቆ ይወጣል (Travels in Abyssinia and the Galla Country. An account of a mission to Ras Ali in 1848, from the Mss of the late Waltee Chichele Plowden, her Britannic consul in Abyssinia, edited by his brother Teevoe Chichele Plowden. London, Longmans, Geen, and Co. 1868).

    ቴዎድሮስና ምኒልክ ቱርክና ጋላ እየተፈራረቁ በጉልበት የነጠቅዋቸውን መሬት ባለው ሁሉ ተጠቅመው ቢያስመልሱ እነ ወያኔ , እነ ኢሕአድግ , እነ ኦነግ , እነ ኢሕአፓና መኢሶን በውሽት አንዴ ነፍጠኛ አንዴ ውራሪ እያሉ ስማቸውን አጥፍተው አጥፍተው ይኄው አሁን አንቀስ 39 ላይ ደርሰናል .

    ሌላው ውሸት ጋላ የሚባለው ቃል የራሱው የጋላው ሲሆን አማራ ለሰው መናቂያ ያወጣው ነው ተብሎ ደርግ በሕግ መሻሩ ነው .

    ስለዚህ ይሄንን ያነበብክ ሁሉ የቴዎድሮስ ደቀ መዝሙር የምኒልክ የደቡብ ዝመቻ ልክ ነውና አንገትህን ቀና አድርገህ አንቀስ 39ን በመጀመሪያ በሕጋዊ መንገድ ሊሠረዝ የሚችልበትን ካልሆነም አንጡራ ንብረትህን የምትጠብቅበትን አማራ ጋላ ሳትል አንድነት ፍጠር .

    ሌላ ምንም ጉዳይ የለም ይሄንን ጀምረህ ሳታገባድድ .

    እኔ ነኝናናናናናናናናና !

    አባ ጦቢያ

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