* Metro project backed and to be operated by Chinese firms
* Ethiopian economy growing at around 9 percent a year
* Starting to attract industrial investment from overseas
By Aaron Maasho
ADDIS ABABA, Dec 18 (Reuters) – Ethiopia expects to complete
the Chinese-backed construction of a $475 million metro rail
system in the capital Addis Ababa next month, the head of the
The project, built by China Railway Engineering Corporation
(CREC) and mostly financed through a loan from China’s Exim
Bank, is a rarity on a continent plagued by poor transport
Beijing is a major partner in Ethiopia’s bid to expand its
infrastructure, with cumulative investments by Chinese firms
reaching well over $1 billion, official figures show.
The Horn of Africa country is building a new rail link to
neighbouring Djibouti and wants to complete 5,000 km of railway
lines by 2020. It will also aims to almost treble the size of
the road network by next year, from less than 50,000 km in 2010.
Ethiopia is one of Africa’s fastest growing economies,
expanding by about 9 percent a year and attracting overseas
investment with its with rock-bottom wages, cheap and stable
electricity and transport projects such as the metro.
A country where many still rely on subsistence agriculture,
Ethiopia is nonetheless developing a reputation for producing
clothes, shoes and other basic goods that have attracted firms
from China, as well as India and the Gulf.
The metro system will transform the lives of the more than 5
million people in the capital, where commuters currently wait in
long queues before they are crammed onto buses and minivans.
Project manager Behailu Sintayehu told Reuters nearly 80
percent of the tracks had been laid and he expected it to be
completed by the end of January 2015, three years after the plan
was launched in January 2012.
“We believe that it will have a great impact in alleviating
the problem of transportation in the city,” Behailu said.
Stretching for a combined 32 km, two lines dividing Addis
Ababa north-south and east-west will serve 39 stations, in
underground and overground sections.
The state-run Ethiopian Railways Corporation signed an
agreement this month that will see Shenzhen Metro – the
enterprise managing the Chinese city’s subway system – operate
the lines for a period of 41 months alongside CREC.
CREC will carry out a trial phase of up to three months and
then the teams will decide when to start operating the system,
Ethiopian Railway Corporation’s spokesman Dereje Tefera said.
Other African capitals with either subway systems or light
rail networks are Cairo, Algiers and Tunis. South Africa has an
extensive system linking several cities.
(Editing by James Macharia and Alison Williams)