A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Heavy rains and corresponding flash floods as a result of the El Niño phenomenon and the regular Belg rains (March – May) occurred in the Eastern and Southern parts of Ethiopia in April 2016. The Belg rains, though late in onset, were heavier than usual both in terms of intensity and geographic coverage. The first reports of flash floods and subsequent displacements of communities, especially in Somali region, was reported and responded to from 7 April.
The rains intensified and spread during the following weeks, with the latest flash floods on 4 May 2016 affecting and displacing residents in Oromia region namely in West Harerghe zone (Hawi Gudina woreda) and Arsi zone (Seru woreda and Chole woreda). An assessment conducted by ERCS branch officers immediately after the occurrence of the disaster indicated that in West Harerghe zone of Hawi Gudina woreda eight people died, five were injured and 3,179 heads of livestock lost. In Arsi zone Seru woreda, the heavy rains and flash floods resulted in the displacement of 1500 households and in Chole woreda, 405 households were displaced and 17 houses destroyed.
In addition, the April-May flooding devastated many areas that are currently suffering from a drought that has put 10.2 million people in need of assistance in most regions of the country.
Summary of response
Overview of Host National Society
In May 2016, Ethiopian Red Cross Society in collaboration with IFRC launched a DREF for 200,499 Swiss Francs to support 1,124 flood affected households for three months in Oromia region through provision of lifesaving emergency shelter and NFI kits and replenishment of 876 NFI items which were distributed by ERCS in SNNP,Wolaita, Sidama, Hadiya and Halaba zone.
An inception workshop was conducted in two zones of Oromia region (Arsi andWest Harerghe branches) before distribution of the relief items. The launching workshop was attended by representatives from zonal Disaster Risk Management Commission authorities, community based organizations, Ethiopian Red Cross Society board members and focal persons, Edir leaders, representatives from beneficiary communities and pertinent government offices. A total of 79 participants (38 in West Harerghe and 41 in Arsi zone) attended the workshop.
Branch secretaries from the respective zones presented on the objective of the DREF operation, the major activities, timeframe and budget for the operation. Other topics discussed included Red Cross history, Fundamental Principles of Red Cross and Red Crescent, the Red Cross emblem, and the major humanitarian works done by the branch in relation to the drought response.
In addition, a half day relief distribution training was held for 20 volunteers in each branch (40 volunteers total) before the distribution took place. The volunteers were trained on several things including; registration and crowd management, giving priority for breast feeding mothers, disabled and elderly while distributing the relief items and informing the targeted people on who is providing the support, the kind of items they were going to receive and quantity of the items.
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