Ethiopia: Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) Tigray Region, Round 9: January – February 2018 – Summary of key findings – Ethiopia

TIGRAY REGION – KEY FINDINGS

LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 22,488 displaced individuals comprising 7,941 households in 60 displacement sites were identified in Tigray region. These figures represent an increase of 1,736 in the total individuals (+8.37%) an increase of 320 households(+4.20%) and a decrease of 1 site (-1.64%) since round 8 (November/December 2017). 88.35% of sites opened before 2017 and 11.67% opened during 2017. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 95% of the displaced population.

DEMOGRAPHICS: 46% of displaced individuals were female and 54% were male. 49% were younger than 18 years old. 5% were over 60 years old.

SHELTER: No sites reported that more than 25% of households were living in shelters that were below standard.
WASH: Only 3 sites meet SPHERE standards of access to over 15 liters of water per person per day. 9 (15%) displacement sites reported having no toilets.

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FOOD, NUTRITION AND LIVELIHOODS: 15 (25%) sites, representing 3,599 individuals, reported no access to food. 83% of sites reported that IDPs did not have access to income generating activities HEALTH: Malaria was the primary health concern in this round of data collection with 23 sites reporting this.

EDUCATION: In 13% of sites 50% or less of the children on site are attending school. Formal primary school education is available at 60 sites.
Alternative basic education (ABE) is not available at any sites.

COMMUNICATION: 53% of sites reported that the authorities were IDPs primary source of information followed by local leaders at 42% of sites. Figure 1 illustrates trends in stock totals of displacement in the region over time compared to recent displacement. Figure 2 shows IDP numbers dissagregated by cause over time.

MOBILITY TRENDS AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT

At 13 of the 50 sites new IDP arrivals were recorded in 2018. At 7 sites the last IDP arrivals were recorded in 2017 and at the remaining 20 sites no new IDPs had arrived in 2017.

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None of the identified sites opened in 2018 while 11.67% opened between January and December 2017. 88.33% of sites opened before 2017.
Figure 3 shows the number of IDPs displaced by zone and cause of displacement. Figure 4 shows the distribution of IDPs by driver of displacement and time of displacement.

36.26% of IDPs in Tigray region are internally displaced from the region within the region. Of the IDPs displaced within Tigray region, 36.26% were displaced within their zone of origin. 5% (1,168)
IDPs had reportedly been previously displaced.
IDPs from 1 (2%) site were leaving the site. IDPs from this site were going to the nearest village.

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