I. Displacements Overview
Displacement Tracking Matrix 9
The 9th round of the Displacement Tracking Matrix – a joint data collection exercise led by IOM in collaboration with NDRMC – was conducted between 2 January and 6 February 2018. According to this tracking tool, a total of 1,737,752 persons displaced by climatic and conflict factors are settled in 916 sites across the country (this excludes sites in SNNPR, which are not covered by DTM). Seventy per cent of these IDPs (some 1,222,123 persons) have been displaced by conflict or social tensions.
Tensions between Somali and Oromo communities and conflict along the border separating the two regions has displaced around 1.070 million IDPs (representing more than 87% of the total number of conflict-IDPs). These IDPs are located in 439 sites (constituting of nearly half of all sites tracked to date by the DTM-9). While some of these displacements date back from 2012, the vast majority occurred in 2017 (Figure 1). The highest concentration of conflict IDPs are hosted in East Hararghe (210,000 persons) and Dawa zones (188,000 persons) of Oromia and Somali Regions respectively.
The Qoloji IDP sites host the largest number of IDPs (around 80,000 persons) congregated in a single cluster of sites in the country. Around 144,000 persons displaced from Jijiga and other urban centers in Somali region in September 2017 are reported living in 204 different sites in Oromia, Dire Dawa and Harar, of which 43,000 are hosted in 29 collective or transit centers.
DTM-9 identified 98 additional sites (previously not tracked by the DTM, albeit not necessarily being new sites and most of which having been set-up before November 2017) hosting some 206,200 persons displaced by the conflict along the border areas of Oromia and Somali regions. Since this round of the DTM data collection, returns were reported in a few locations, particularly in Guchi woreda in Borana zone. Exact estimates of the total number of IDPs having returned are however not available.
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