Cameroon will face hosts and five-time world champions Brazil in Group A.
Ivory Coast have been handed an easier draw than at their two previous finals in Group C.
Nigeria will once again face Argentina in Group F as they did in 2010, while Algeria have highly-fancied Belgium in Group H.
CameroonCameroon have been to seven World Cups but lost all three of their group games in South Africa in 2010.
In Brazil next year they open their campaign against a Mexico side that needed a play-off win over New Zealand to reach the finals.
Next up will be Croatia before they take on the hosts in their capital Brasilia on 23 June.
The Indomitable Lions have been to more World Cups than any other African nation and were the first from the continent to reach the quarter-finals in 1990.
However, that is the only time they have progressed beyond the group stages.
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