Debre Damo Monastery

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Debre Damo Monastery

Unread postby girreda » 19 Dec 2009 06:06

Debre Damo Monastery
Sunday, 21 December 2008 03:37 administrator
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Debre Damo Monastery

Debre Damo Monastery

Debre Damo church, which is called after Abune Aregawi, is built in Axumite style. The beams and ceiling of the ancient church, around which the monastry is built, are beautifully decorated with carved wooden panels depicting lion, elephant, rhinoceros, snakes, gazelle, antelope, giraffe and camels. Although there are no murals as such, a large number of paintings are preserved there, including several that depict the legend of the foundation of Debre Damo by Abune Aregawi.

The treasures secreted within, kept intact through the countries 1400 tumultuous years of history because of that arduous, dangerous ascent, include an extensive collection of illuminated manuscripts, among them the olders surviving fragments of texts anywhere in Ethiopia. The church now houses about fifty manuscripts, although the monks claim that they formerly possessed no less than a thousand.

A 9 th century monastery. The original monastery was said to be founded by the 6 th century Emperor Gabre Maskal. It is a place that is difficult to reach and is not open for woman. Whey you dicide to visit, you need a guide to help you get up the mountain. On the northside of the amba hangs a climing rope; only by climing this rope you can reach the 2 churches on top. At a hight of 500 metres there are 150 monks living. They get there food by the religious people living around the mountain, hoisting up food and water by ropes up on the mountain. One church on top is the oldest of Ethiopia and shows the Aksum style of building with wood and stone.
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Debre Damo Monastery

Almost as soon as you leave the main Adigrat-Adwa road, you can see the flat-topped mountain on which Debre Damo is located looming over the surrounding landscape. It still takes quite a long time before you actually cross a small river and start the final ascent from the foot of the mountain to reach the end of the road. From here, my heart started beating a little faster, as I was in anticipation of the vertical climb required to reach the monastery. When I reached the vertical wall and looked up, I realized this was steep, but the priest climbing up the rope before me gave me confidence and I wondered if I should give it a go without the secondary rope.

When the second rope was thrown at me from above, it appeared obvious to use it, and a short while later, while dangling in the air and trying to get a hold on the worn-off wall with my sandals, I was glad I was still safely guarded by the second rope around my waist. According to legend, Abba Aregawi reached the top with the help of a flying serpent, but for more rational people like me, it is hard to see how someone could have reached the top without any help - he must have been a very able rockclimber. I would see his legendary ascent as a future founder of Debre Damo at various places later on. Once on the top of the amba or flat-topped hill, I visited the Axumite church, reputedly one of the oldest free standing churches in Ethiopia, marvelled at the interior of the church even though most of it is closed for visitors, and had a great view from the bell tower.

I then visited some lower cliffs, with another, smaller and newer church right on the ridge, and some small cemetery caves filled with bones and skulls, as well as some cave shrines with artwork inside. A tour of the hilltop revealed an extensive village of monks, with many bulls, some trees and a large number of man-made water basins, on which the monks leave duckweed as a protective measure against sunlight and evaporation. Every time I reached the edge of the cliffs, I realized again the spectacular location of Debre Damo monastery. On my way off the amba, I came across a colourful and impressive funerary service, apparently for a deceased woman - her visit to Debre Damo would also be her last.
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